1st C.E.F. Transport Ship
In the fall of 1914, the Cunard Line's new ships the Andania and the Alaunia, both built in 1913, transported troops, vehicles and cargo as part of the convoy carrying the 1st Canadian Expeditionary Force (1st C.E.F.) to England.
Of the 30 ships loaded at Quebec between September 24th and October 1st, 1914 Cunard contributed three other ships: the Ivernia, built in1900; the Saxonia, also built in 1900; and the Franconia, built in 1911.
You might say that Private Herbert E. Shill of the Royal Montreal Regiment also known as the 14th Battalion, was "lucky" to be travelling to war on a newer ship.
The data here shows who and what were carried on the S.S. Andania in October 1914 in support of Canada's commitment to the Great War.
1,800 Other ranks
Divisional Signal Company
160 Other Ranks
14th Battalion - Royal Montreal Regiment
Officers and Other Ranks of the 14th Battalion were divided between the Andania and the Alaunia. According the the War Diary of the 14th Canadian Battalion, the troops were divided as follows:
On the Alaunia - Battalion H.Q. and Company Numbers 1, 2, 3, 7 and 8.
On the Andania - Number 4, 5 and 6 Companies under charge of Lt.-Col. Burland.
529 Other Ranks
11 Horsed Vehicles
16th Battalion (complete Battalion)
1,111 Other Ranks
4 Motor Cars
Details and Stragglers
3 Officers from the 15th Battalion
Vehicles on Board
13 Horsed vehicles
4 Motor vehicles
Guns and Ammunition
115 cases of rifles, 48 boxes small arms and ammunition.
Ready to Sail from Quebec: 12.30 p.m. 29th September (16th of 30 ships)
Date of Disembarkation at Plymouth: The 17th-19th October, 1914
a. The War Diary of the 14th Canadian Battalion states that the two groups of the Battalion were reunited on the 19th October, 1914 at West Down South of the Camp at Salisbury Plain.
b. The War Diary of the 1st Divisional Signal Company states that the transport Andania arrived October 14, 4pm at Plymouth and anchored for the night. On the 18th October the Signal Company disembarked and arrived at Amesbury Station at 1:30 am on the 19th and marched from there to West Down South Camp on Salisbury Plain arriving at 6am.
"Duguide, A. (1938). Official History of the Canadian Forces in The Great War 1914-1919 General Series Vol I. Chronology, Appendices and Maps. Ottawa: Minister of National Defence. (from the collection of the Quebec Family History Society (QFHS) library.)
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